Jumat, 28 Desember 2012

RPP Passive Voice


LESSON PLAN
                                 
School                         : SMA
Subject                        : English
Material                      :   Passive Voice
Skill                            : Writing
Class/Semester            :            XI IPS2
Time Allocation          :            2 X 45 minutes

A.    Standard Competence
Using the meaning of the text of the essay form of report, narrative and analytical exposition in the context of daily life.

B.     Basic competence
Expressing meaning and rhetorical steps in essay writing using a variety of language accurately, fluently and acceptable in the context of daily life in text form: report, narrative and analytical exposition.

C.    Indicators
1.      Cognitive
Product
a.       Students make a sentences about passive voice sentences.
b.      Students change the sentences of active sentences to passive sentences
Process
a.       Students identify a sentences about passive sentence
b.      Students give respons about material of passive voice
c.       Students make a sentences about passive voice sentences
d.      Students change the sentences active to passive sentences
e.       Students discuss the sentences about passive voice sentences
2.      Affective
a.       Characters : honest, creative, critical and logical, responsible
b.      Social skill : asking question, giving idea and opinion, communicating in a good manner.
3.      Psychomotor
Students make  a sentence passive voice

Teaching and learning objectives
1.      Cognitive
Product
a.         Students are able to make a sentences about passive voice sentences.
b.         Students are able to change the sentences of active sentences to passive sentences
Process
a.         Students are able to identify a sentences about passive sentence
b.         Students are able to give respons about material of passive voice
c.         Students are able to make a sentences about passive voice sentences
d.        Students are able to change the sentences active to passive sentences
e.         Students are able to discuss the sentences about passive voice sentences

2.      Affective
a.       Students are actively involved in teaching and learning activities showing the particular characters (honest, creative, critical and logical and responsible)
b.      Students can work cooperatively in teaching and learning actuateby asking questions, giving idea and opinion and communicates in a good manner.

Psychomotor
Students are able to make sentences passive voice.

D.    Material
Passive Voice

E.     Teaching Method/Technique
1.      Method        : CLT (cooperative learning teaching)
2.      Technique     : drill



F.     Activities Plan
1.      Opening Activities (10 minutes)
a.       Greeting and checking student attendance
b.      Students guest a sentences in white board about passive voice

2.      Main Activities (70 minutes)
a.         Students identify a sentences about passive sentence
b.         Students give respons about material of passive voice
c.         Students make a sentences about passive voice sentences
d.        Students change the sentences active to passive sentences
e.         Students discuss the sentences about passive voice sentences

3.      closing activities (10 minutes)
a.       Summarizing the lesson
b.      Giving chances for student to ask questions dealing with the material
c.       Giving homework
d.      Closing the lesson

G.    Learning Sources
1.      Internet
2.      English zone book year XI

H.    Evaluation
1.      Technique         : Writing test
2.      Form                 : writing  passive sentences
Disetujui,
Guru Pamong


IvikaAngreini, S.Pd
NIP. 19641210 199412 1 001                                                                        
Bengkulu,      November  2012
Guru Praktikan


Heri Kusnadi
NPM. 112 111 0152.P
Mengetahui
Dosen Pembimbing Lapangan



Sinarman Jaya M.Pd
NBK .                         .  

PASSIVE VOICE
Kalimataktif (active voice) adalahkalimatdimana subject-nyamelakukanpekerjaan, sebaliknya, kalimatpasif (passive voice) adalahkalimatdimana subject-nyadikenaipekerjaanoleh object kalimat.Active voice lebihseringdigunakandalamkehidupansehari-haridibandingkandengan passive voice.Namundemikian, seringkitatemukan passive voice di surat-suratkabar, artikel-artikel di majalah-majalahdantulisan-tulisanilmiah. Passive voice digunakankarena object dari active voice merupakaninformasi yang lebihpentingdibandingkandengan subject-nya.
Contoh :
  • Active : Wefertilizethesoil every 6 months
  • Passive: Thesoilisfertilizedbyus every 6 months
Dari contohinidapatkitalihatbahwa:
  1. Object dari active voice (the soil) menjadi subject dari passive voice
  2. Subject dari active voice (we) menjadi object dari passive voice. Perhatikan pula bahwaterjadiperubahandari subject pronoun ‘we’ menjadi object pronoun ‘us’.
  3. Verb1(fertilize) pada active voice menjadi verb3 (fertilized) pada passive voice.
  4. Ditambahkannya be ‘is’ di depan verb3. Be yang digunakanadalahtergantungpada subject passive voice dan tenses yang digunakan. (Perhatikanpola-pola passive voice di bawah).
  5. Ditambahkannya kata ‘by’ di belakang verb3. Namun, jika object dari passive voice dianggaptidakpentingatautidakdiketahui, maka object biasanyatidakdikemukakandanbegitu pula kata ‘by’.
  6. Khususuntukkalimat-kalimat progressive (present, past, past perfect, future, past future, dan past future perfect continuous, perlumenambahkan ‘being’ di depan verb3). Kalautidakditambahkan “being”, tensisnyaakanberubah, bukan progressive/continuous lagi. Perhatikancontoh-contohpadapoinh – o di bawah.
Berdasarkankeenampoin di atasmaka passive voice mengikutipolasebagaiberikut:
Subject + be + Verb3 + by + Object + modifier

I gave him five rupees. (Active voice)
• Five rupees were given to him by me. (Passive Voice)
• He was given five rupees by me. (Passive Voice)


• She has told me the truth. (Active voice)
• I was told the truth by her. (Passive Voice)
• The truth was told to me by her. (Passive Voice)


PRESENT
1. Simple Present Tense                      S + IS/AM/ARE + V 3
Contohnya:     I am called by the teacher
2. Present Continuous Tense   S + AM/IS/ARE + BEING + V 3
Contohnya:     I am being called by the teacher
3. Present Perfect Tense                      S + HAVE/HAS + BEEN + V 3
Contohnya:     I have been called by the teacher
4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense  S + HAS/HAVE + BEEN + BEING + V 3
Contohnya:     I have been being called by the teacher
.
PAST
1. Simple Past Tense                           S + WAS/WERE + V 3
Contohnya:     We were called by the teacher
2. Past Continuous Tense                    S + WAS/WERE + BEING + V 3
Contohnya:     We were being called by the teacher
3. Past Perfect Tense                           S + HAD + BEEN + V 3
Contohnya:     I had been called by the teacher
.
4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense                   S + HAD + BEEN + BEING + V 3
Contohnya:     I had been being called by the teacher

FUTURE
1. Simple Future Tense                                   S + WILL + BE + V 3
Contohnya:     I will be called by the teacher
2. Future Continuous Tense                            S + WILL + BE + BEING + V 3
Contohnya:     I will be being called by the teacher
3. Future Perfect Tense                                   S + WILL + HAVE + BEEN + V 3
Contohnya:     I will have been called by the teacher
.
4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense   S + WILL + HAVE + BEEN +BEING + V 3
Contohnya:     I will have been being called by the teacher




EXERCISE FOR STUDENT

Change the following sentences into passive sentences.
1.      Ghost haunt the house
2.      The detective solves the mystery
3.      My grandma made this handbag
4.      Someone murdered the woman
5.      People grow corn in many parts of indonesia
6.      Someone has invited you to dinner tomorrow
7.      Some men are painting the house bright yellow.
8.      You must write the answers on the answer sheet
9.      No one opens the shops on the independence day.
10.  The dog did not bite the jogger
11.  Is the plumber going to install the piper today?
12.  Do the people spell “running” with one ‘n’?
13.  Where are they going to hold the wedding party?
14.  When did someone invent the computer?
15.  Has Irma ever beaten you at tennis?


Answer of the exercise

1.      The house is hounted by ghost
2.      The mystery is solved by detective
3.      This handbag was made by grandma
4.      The women was muedered by someone
5.      Corn is grown by people in many part of Indonesia
6.      You have been inveted by someone to dinner tomorrow
7.      The house is being painted bright yellow by some men
8.      The answer must be wrote on the answer sheet by you
9.      The shops is not opened in the independence day
10.  The jogger was not biten by the dog
11.  Will the pipes be installed today by the plumber?
12.  Is ‘running’ spelled by people with one ‘n’?
13.  Where the wedding party will be held by them?
14.  When the computer was invented by someone?
15.  Have you ever been beaten by Irma at tennis?

Tidak ada komentar:

Poskan Komentar